NAIST 奈良先端科学技術大学院大学 バイオサイエンス領域


Coordinated Na+ extrusion and long-distance transport in plant

演題 Coordinated Na+ extrusion and long-distance transport in plant
講演者 Dr. Yun Dae-Jin (Department of Biomedical Science & Engineering, Konkuk University, Korea)
使用言語 English
日時 2022年11月24日(木曜日) 17:00~18:00
場所 Online/Onsite hybrid
-Rethink Biological Science Seminar Hall L11

To control net sodium (Na+) uptake, Arabidopsis plants utilize the plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter SOS1 that catalyzes Na+ efflux at the root and promotes Na+ loading into the xylem, and the channel-like HKT1;1 protein that mediates the reverse flux of Na+ unloading at the xylem. Together, these opposing transport systems govern the partition of Na+ within the plant, yet they must be finely co-regulated to prevent a futile cycle of xylem loading and unloading. Here we show that the Arabidopsis SOS3 protein acts as the molecular switch governing these Na+ fluxes by favoring the recruitment of SOS1 to the plasma membrane and its subsequent activation by the SOS2/SOS3 kinase complex under salt stress, while commanding HKT1;1 protein degradation upon acute salt stress. SOS3 achieves this novel role by direct and SOS2-independent binding to previously unrecognized functional domains of SOS1 and HKT1;1. These results evidence that roots first retain moderate amounts of salts to facilitate osmoregulation. When sodicity exceeds the stress set point, activation of SOS3 switches the balance towards Na+ export out of the root via the xylem. Thus, SOS3 functionally links and co-regulates the two major Na+ transport systems operating in vascular plants controlling plant tolerance to salinity.


問合せ先 Plant Developmental Signaling
Nakajima Keiji (