NAIST 奈良先端科学技術大学院大学 バイオサイエンス領域


Cross-talks between the control of flowering time and the response to salinity stress in plant

演題 Cross-talks between the control of flowering time and the response to salinity stress in plant
講演者 Prof. Dae-Jin Yun (Gyeonsang National University)
使用言語 English
日時 2015年11月16日(月曜日) 13:30~
場所 Large seminar room
内容 The Salt Overly Sensitive (SOS) signaling pathway that in Arabidopsis comprises the sodium transport protein SOS1, the protein kinase SOS2, and the calcium-dependent interacting proteins SOS3 and CBL10, has been shown to play a critical role in cellular signaling under salt stress. The SOS pathway maintains cellular ion homeostasis by mediating sodium extrusion at the root and the long distance transport of sodium ions from roots to shoots, thereby imparting salt tolerance to all plant species that have been genetically tested. Environmental challenges, including salinity, typically entail retardation of vegetative growth and delay or cessation of flowering. The flowering time regulator GIGANTEA (GI) is a key component in the photoperiodic control pathway of flowering. In Arabidopsis, GI is predominantly associated with the promotion of flowering in long-day growth. Recently, our group discovered a molecular link between GI and adaptation to salt stress that is mechanistically based on GI degradation under saline conditions, thereby retarding flowering (Kim et al., 2013). GI and the salt tolerance-related protein kinase SOS2 interact physically. In the absence of stress, the GI:SOS2 complex prevents SOS2-based activation of SOS1, the major plant Na/H antiporter mediating adaptation to salinity. GI-overexpressing, rapidly flowering plants show greater salt sensitivity, whereas gi mutants exhibit delayed flowering and enhanced salt tolerance, in correspondence with the physical status of SOS2. Salt-induced degradation of GI confers salt tolerance by the release of the SOS2 kinase. The GI–SOS2 interaction introduces a higher order regulatory circuit that can explain in molecular terms, the long observed connection between floral transition and adaptive environmental stress tolerance in Arabidopsis.
問合せ先 植物細胞機能
橋本 隆 (